Dr Noelle Higgins


Associate Professor

New House
(01) 708 6235


Noelle is an Associate Professor in Law. She previously worked at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, NUI Galway and at the School of Law and Government, DCU. She has Masters degrees in both Irish and Law and a Higher Diploma in Education. She obtained her PhD on the topic of wars of national liberation and self-determination from NUI Galway. She is currently part of a consortium working on a Horizon2020 Project, entitled 'ReCreating Europe: Rethinking Digital Copyright Law for a Culturally Diverse, Accessible, Creative Europe', awarded in 2020. She was previously the PI on an IRCHSS funded project in international peace mediation (2010).

Research Interests

Noelle's main research interests are in the fields of international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law. She has also undertaken research on the topic of legal education. Her current research focuses in particular on cultural rights and cultural cleansing. She is currently part of a consortium working on a Horizon2020 Project, entitled 'ReCreating Europe: Rethinking Digital Copyright Law for a Culturally Diverse, Accessible, Creative Europe', awarded in 2020. She was previously the PI on an IRCHSS funded project in international peace mediation (2010).


Year Publication
2020 Noelle Higgins (2020) The protection of cultural heritage during armed conflict: The changing paradigms. UK: Routledge. [DOI]
2018 Noelle Higgins (2018) Cultural Defences at the International Criminal Court. UK: Routledge. [DOI]
2012 Noelle Higgins et al (2012) Principles of Irish Human Rights Law. Dublin: Clarus.
2010 Noelle Higgins (2010) The Use of Force in Wars of National Liberation: The Need for a New Regime - A Study of the South Moluccas and Aceh. The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff.
2004 Noelle Higgins (2004) The Approach of International Law to Wars of National Liberation. US: The Martin Institute: University of Idaho.

Book Chapter

Year Publication
2022 Noelle Higgins and Michael O'Flaherty (2022) 'The Human Right to Music' In: The Routledge Companion to Music and Human Rights. UK : Routledge.
2022 Noelle Higgins, Laura Serra and Delia Ferri (2022) 'The Right to Culture for Asylum Seekers in Ireland: Lessons to Be Learned for the International Legal System' In: Migration and Culture: Implementation of Cultural Rights of Migrants. Roma : Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche.
2022 Noelle Higgins (2022) 'Indigenous Cultural Expertise' In: Cultural Expertise, Law and Rights: A Comprehensive Guide. UK : Routledge.
2020 Noelle Higgins (2020) 'In Defence of Culture: Should Defences Based on Culture Apply at the ICC?' In: Intersections of Law and Culture at the International Criminal Court. UK : Elgar.
2020 Noelle Higgins (2020) 'The Universal Periodic Review as a Means to Promote the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' In: The UDHR at 70: A Review of Successes and Challenges'. Dublin : Clarus.
2020 Noelle Higgins (2020) 'The Right to Not have an Interpreter' In: The Routledge Handbook of Translation and Activism. UK : Routledge.
2019 Noelle Higgins, M Badar and A M Al-Dawoody (2019) 'The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law of Rebellion: Its Significance to the Current International Humanitarian Law Discourse' In: INTERNATIONAL LAW AND ISLAM: HISTORICAL EXPLORATIONS. LEIDEN : BRILL NIJHOFF. [DOI]
2019 Noelle Higgins (2019) 'The Geneva Conventions and Non-International Armed Conflicts' In: Seventy Years after the Geneva Conventions. The Netherlands : Martinus Nijhoff.
2018 Noelle Higgins, Badar and Amin (2018) 'The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law of Rebellion: Its Significance to the Current International Humanitarian Law Discourse' In: New Approaches to the Islamic History of International Law. The Netherlands : Brill.
2017 Noelle Higgins and Dorothy Ní Uigín (2017) 'The Use of the Irish Language in the Courts and the Right to Interpretation' In: Legal Translation and Court Interpreting: Ethical Values, Quality, Competence Training. Berlin : Forum für Fachsprachen-Forschung.
2016 Noelle Higgins and Amina Adanan (2016) 'Britain, universal jurisdiction and the slave trade in the 20th century' In: British Influences on International Law 1915-2015. The Netherlands : Martinus Nijhoff.
2015 Noelle Higgins (2015) 'Damages for the infringement of human rights in Ireland' In: Jus Comparatum: Damages for Violations of Human Rights. Berlin : Springer.
2014 Noelle Higgins and Mohamed Elewa Badar (2014) 'General principles of law in the early jurisprudence of the ICC' In: The International Criminal Court in Search of its Purpose and Identity. UK : Routledge. [DOI]
2012 Noelle Higgins (2012) 'EU mediation activities outside Europe: The Case of Aceh' In: Strengthening the EUs Peace Mediation Capacities. Finland : Finnish Institute for International Affairs. [Full-Text]
2012 Noelle Higgins and Dewhurst (2012) 'Human Rights: Ireland and the United Nations' In: Foreign Policy in the Republic of Ireland. Dublin : Gill & MacMillan.
2011 Noelle Higgins and Daly (2011) 'Conceptualising International Peace Mediation Bring Back the Law' In: International Legal Perspectives. Athens : Atiner. [Full-Text]
2011 Noelle Higgins (2011) 'The Lost Legal System: Pre-Common Law Ireland and Brehon Law' In: Legal Theory Practice and Education. Athens : Atiner. [Full-Text]
2009 Noelle Higgins (2009) 'Goll mac Morna - Laoch Connactach na Fiannaíochta agus Ceist an Chúigeachais' In: Féilscribhínn in omós Mháirtín Uí Bhriain. Gaillimh : Cló Iar-Chonnachta.

Peer Reviewed Journal

Year Publication
2022 Noelle Higgins and Katie Donnellan (2022) 'Ireland’s cultural policy and the protection and promotion of the cultural rights of migrants'. Cultural Trends, . [DOI] [Full-Text]
2022 Noelle Higgins (2022) 'Changing Climate; Changing Life—Climate Change and Indigenous Intangible Cultural Heritage'. Laws, 11 (3). [DOI] [Full-Text]
2022 Noelle Higgins (2022) 'Ireland’s Obligations under International Humanitarian Law with respect to the Conflict in Ukraine'. Irish Criminal Law Journal, 32 (2).
2021 Noelle Higgins (2021) 'Indigenous Expertise as cultural expertise in the World Heritage Protective Framework'. Nordic Journal of Law and Social Research, 11 :75-102. [Full-Text]
2020 Noelle Higgins (2020) 'Songlines and Land Claims; Space and Place'. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law, 34 (3). [DOI] [Full-Text]
2019 Noelle Higgins (2019) 'Creating a space for Indigenous rights: the Universal Periodic Review as a mechanism for promoting the rights of indigenous peoples'. International Journal of Human Rights, 23 :125-148. [DOI] [Full-Text]
2019 Noelle Higgins and Gerard Maguire (2019) 'Language, Identity and Self-Determination'. New England Journal of Public Policy, 31 (2). [Full-Text]
2017 Noelle Higgins and M Badar (2017) 'Discussion Interrupted: The Destruction and Protection of Cultural Property under International Law and Islamic Law - The Case of Prosecutor v. Al Mahdi'. International Criminal Law Review, 17 (3):486-516. [DOI] [Full-Text]
2017 Noelle Higgins and Badar (2017) 'The Destruction of Cultural Property in Timbuktu: Challenging the ICC War Crime Paradigm'. Europa Ethnica, 3/4 . [Full-Text]
2014 Noelle Higgins (2014) 'Advancing the Rights of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples: Getting UN Attention via the Universal Periodic Review'. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 32 :379-407. [Full-Text]
2010 Noelle Higgins et al (2010) 'International Peace Mediators and Codes of Conduct: An Analysis'. JOURNAL OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, 1 .
2009 Noelle Higgins (2009) 'The Regulation of Armed Non-State Actors: Promoting the Application of the Laws of War to Conflicts Involving National Liberation Movements'. HUMAN RIGHTS BRIEF, 17(1) . [Full-Text]
2004 Noelle Higgins (2004) 'The Application of International Humanitarian Law to Wars of National Liberation'. JOURNAL OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, 1 .
2003 Noelle Higgins (2003) 'The Protection of United Nations and Associated Personnel'. JOURNAL OF HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE, 1 . [Full-Text]
2016 Higgins, Noelle and O'Flaherty, Michael (2016) 'International Human Rights Law and Criminalisation'. JAPANESE YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, 58 . [Full-Text]
2015 Noelle Higgins, Ní Uigín & McHale (2015) 'The Benefits of Student-led, Peer-reviewed Journals in Introducing Students to the Academy'. Research in Education, 91 . [Full-Text]
2014 Noelle Higgins, Badar & Amin (2014) 'Boko Haram, Islamic Law of Rebellion and the ICC'. INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW, 3 .
2014 Noelle Higgins (2014) 'The Implications of the Mustafić and Nuhanović decisions on peacekeeping troop contributing States'. International Criminal Law Review, 14 .
2012 Noelle Higgins & Dewhurst (2012) 'Ireland and the Universal Periodic Review: A Two Way Process'. SOCIO-LEGAL STUDIES REVIEW, 1 . [Full-Text]
2012 Noelle Higgins, Dewhurst & Watkins (2012) 'Field Trips as Teaching Tools in the Law Curriculum'. Research in Education, 88 . [Full-Text]
2012 Noelle Higgins, Dewhurst & Watkins (2012) 'Field Trips as Short-term Experiential Learning Activities in Legal Education'. Law Teacher, 46 . [Full-Text]
2011 Noelle Higgins & Daly (2011) 'International Peace Mediation through a Legal Lens'. AUSTRALASIAN DISPUTE RESOLUTION JOURNAL, 22 . [Full-Text]
2011 Noelle Higgins & Daly (2011) 'The Place and Efficacy of Simulations in Legal Education: A Preliminary Examination'. ALL IRELAND JOURNAL OF TEACHING AND LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION, 2 . [Full-Text]
2010 Noelle Higgins & Daly (2010) 'Incorporating Experiential Learning Techniques into Modern Law Curricula: The Case for Moot Courts and Mock Trials'. Research in Education, 84 . [Full-Text]
2010 Noelle Higgins & Daly (2010) 'Resolving Armed Conflict: The Acehnese Experience of Mediation'. US-CHINA LAW REVIEW, 7 . [Full-Text]
2009 Noelle Higgins & O'Reilly (2009) 'Jus ad bellum, Wars of National Liberation and the South Ossetian Conflict'. International Criminal Law Review, 9 . [Full-Text]
2008 Noelle Higgins (2008) 'The Role of the Russian Federation in the Pridnestrovian Conflict: an International Humanitarian Law Perspective'. Irish Studies in International Affairs, 19 . [Full-Text]
2003 Noelle Higgins (2003) 'The Right to Equality and Non-Discrimination with regard to Language'. MURDOCH UNIVERSITY ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF LAW, 10 .

Other Journal

Year Publication
2013 Noelle Higgins (2013) 'Aitheantas don Lucht Siúil in Éirinn' Cork Online Law Review, 12 .
2012 Noelle Higgins and Watkins (2012) 'Palestine’s Bid for UN Membership' Near-East Quarterly, 3 .
2011 Noelle Higgins and Daly (2011) 'The First Annual National Moot Court Competition An Appraisal' Irish Law Times, 29 . [Full-Text]
2010 Noelle Higgins and Daly (2010) ''Living the Law: Simulation in Legal Education'' Teaching Reflections, 3 .

Encyclopedia Entry

Year Publication
2021 Noelle Higgins (2021) National Liberation Movements. UK: [Encyclopedia Entry]
2014 Noelle Higgins (2014) Wars of National Liberation. [Encyclopedia Entry]


Year Publication
2022 Noelle Higgins, Delia Ferri, Katie Donnellan and Laura Serra (2022) Final Report on barriers experienced by vulnerable groups. [Report] https://zenodo.org/record/6793172#.YtprIbfMLIU
2021 Noelle Higgins, Delia Ferri, Laura Serra and Katie Donnellan (2021) Interim report on barriers experienced by vulnerable groups. [Report] https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5067718
Certain data included herein are derived from the © Web of Science (2024) of Clarivate. All rights reserved.